About Makassar

Makassar is the capital city of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Makassar is the largest metropolitan city in East Indonesia. This city is inhabited  by many tribes, such as Makassar, Bugis, Toraja and Mandar. This city is also called as "Kota Daeng" or "Kota Anging Mammiri". This city also offers many interesting tourist spots to visit. Makassar is also known as a culinary spot, Several traditional foods you should try when visiting this city are Coto Makassar, Pisang Epe, Pisang Ijo, Pallu Basa, Pallu Butung, and many more.


Medical Research Youth Club (MYRC) is an organization which is concentrated in scientific field, one of its missions is to actualize scientific atmosphere by conducting a scientific event which invites medical students around the world to compete. This event is conducted as a media for members of MYRC to introduce and feel the atmosphere of national and international scientific competitions. These activities are held annually and has been going on for 6 times, was initially implemented in 2010 on the initiative of the Executive Director MYRC at the time. Therefore, HSF has been successfully held nationally for 6 years and this year we will start to reach international students abroad.

Why Ophthalmology?

Ophthalmology is a medical specialty that focuses on eye disease. The eye is a vital sensory vision used to see. With the eyes we can more easily to beraktifitas and interact with the environment. In the event of an eye disorder and if not handled appropriately a fatal event may occur. Several diseases of this discipline have a large prevalence causing morbidity and mortality in the world's society.

Vision problems become one of the major issues of concern to the world community. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 285 million people suffer from health problems, and 39 are blind. The economic consequences of the occurrence of adult blindness include the cost of treatment, the length of time of care, and the reduced income earned from society due to unproductiveness in the illness.

The prevalence of eye disorders in Indonesia is still quite high. Based on prevalence data from WHO, there are about 3.34 to 5.61 % of Indonesia's population have eye health problems. Eye disorders with the lowest prevalence are present in the Americas and Europe with 2.91 to 3.17 per 100 population. The main causes of this case of blindness are cataracts, corneal abnormalities, glaucoma, refractive disorders, retinal disorders and nutritional abnormalities. Cataracts are the leading cause of reduced vision in the world estimated the number of cataract blindness sufferers in the world today amounted to 17 million people and will increase to 40 million by 2020. According to the World Health Organization in 2010, at least 50% of all blindness caused by cataracts, and 90% of which are in developing countries are no exception in Indonesia. Glaucoma ranks second to 8% of the total disturbance.

Based on Riskesdas 2013 data, the prevalence of pterygium, corneal turbidity, and cataracts in Indonesia is 8.3% nationally; 5.5%; and 1.8%. And the prevalence for for national blindness is 0.4%. This is much smaller compared to Riskesdas in 2007 of 0.9%. This indicates an improvement in eye health in Indonesia. However, when compared with data from all countries in the world that the prevalence of eye disorders is quite low, Indonesia still can be categorized countries with high prevalence of eye disorders. Blindness due to cataracts or opacification of the lens of the eye is a global health problem that must be addressed immediately, because blindness can lead to reduced quality of human resources and loss of productivity and require substantial costs for treatment.Along with declining quality and lifestyle such as diet, exercise, rest, work, stress level and age, the number of individuals with complaints of eye disease is increasing. The proportion of population and medical personnel far from the ideal standard causes the community to understand less of the illness suffered. This is exacerbated by the assumption in the community that the disease will heal by itself without going through the process of treatment and lifestyle changes. Limited number of medical personnel in Indonesia can be assisted by the existence of an expert system application, without intending to replace experts. The application of expert systems has become commonly applied especially in the field of medicine. Based on Indonesian Medical Perkonsil Data in 2013, eye disorders that must be mastered by general practitioners amounted to approximately 20 kinds of disorders. The twenty kinds of eye disorders, categorized in the level of competence 4A. The level of 4A competence here means that doctor graduates can make clinical diagnoses and perform the management of the disease independently and thoroughly. By looking at the current conditions, a wide range of research is certainly needed to develop and test strategies for the prevention and treatment of eye diseases. Hasanuddin Scientific Fair 2018 with the theme of Ophthalmology is the perfect moment to bring together ideas/ideas as well as facilitate the transfer of such knowledge. Through the creation of scientific papers involving participants who are participative, creative, and innovative is expected to meet the needs of information as well as realize the ultimate goal of Hasanuddin Scientific Fair 2018.